The Different Types of Off-Road Tires and Their Uses
Tire sizes and tire performances make more sense in off-road driving. Whether you are using a 4-wheel-drive or an all-wheel-drive, the tires’ ability to grip on wet and dry roads is important. But this is what makes finding the right tires for your vehicle a difficult work.
It can be tough when the time came that you have to replace your standard rubber with something a bit more flash. By enlightening yourself about this off road tire comparison of use and advantages, you have already finished half of your journey in tire hunting.
Unfortunately, there is no standardized rating system that can inform drivers about the quality of the tires a particular manufacturer sells. Luckily, there are many review sites that provide off-road tire comparison and use star ratings and percentage to gather opinion from buyers around the globe.
This article will give you a simple or general way of defining tire types by grouping them into three classes: all-terrain, highway-terrain and mud-terrain.
Highway Terrain Tires
The highway terrain tires, also known as radial tires, are an ideal kind of tires for off-road vehicles that are used mainly on the paved roads than the less-traveled terrains. They lightweight in construction and smooth to drive on with a car-like tread pattern.
The tread patterns are designed for everyday driving on the paved road. Aside from these, they also have a higher speed rating yet lower load rating, combining grip, handling, and performance for a balanced vehicle control. It is for this reason that they are great for challenging roadway conditions.
This kind of off-road tires is usually best fitted to wagons and commonly used for tarmac traction. Drivers or owners who only travel onto the forest tracks occasionally choose highway terrain tires because they got enough grip for off-road driving and the smoothness for on-road driving.
While the tread of highway terrain is not designed to throw sand and mud, their performance is enough for the casual desert dweller to choose them.
- Fuel efficient compared to other kinds of tires
- Quiet and great for long distance driving
- Rides smoothly and can last 50k to 80k miles
- Prone to puncture on some terrains
- Has limited traction off-road
The all-terrain tires is the second type of off-road tires that are capable of conquering any kinds of terrains.
It takes the middle ground, by having better tread patterns, higher load rating, and lower speed rating compared to highway terrain tires. Those who mix everyday urban driving with occasional off-road adventures choose this tire because of these characteristics.
The problem in choosing the best all-terrain tires is that not all of them are built equally tough. Every manufacturer has different designs and purposes for making them. Some are built closely similar to highway terrain, while others are built almost stronger as a mud-terrain.
The best way to tell if it is what you are looking for is to check the number of plies or the layers in the tread area and sidewall.
Your all-terrain tires should have more distinct and open tread pattern, or you can just pick tires with Light Truck construction because they have stronger carcass and thus, need the load requirements of light trucks.
- Has a good lifespan whether used for on or off-road
- Off-road traction is great in most situations
- Has extra wide puncture protection
- Quite expensive compared to highway terrain tires
- Can wear out in as little as 20k miles
If you are going to look at different off-road tire comparison, it will be easy to say that the mud-terrain tires are the heftiest and the strongest among the three.
These tires have blocky, deep tread patterns intended for murky off-road conditions. They offer excellent grip in most off-road situations such as rock shelves but are not the best for sand driving.
When you use these tires on the road, you will notice that they are loud. They do not provide the same level or ease of handling and grip as all-terrain and highway terrain tires do.
Aside from this, they also provide superior resistance to punctures, yet cause more fuel consumption because of their extra rolling resistance. This is why they are best used for competition trucks and heavy-duty off-road vehicles.
- Superior grip variations, great for mud and rock off-road conditions
- Very good puncture resistance
- Longer off-road lifespan compared to all-terrain and highway terrain
- The most expensive among the three types of tires
- Can wear out quickly on pavement
- Not that stable and comfortable to use at highway speeds