All The Things You Need To Know About Off-Road Vehicles
Planning to buy a new car you will use for adventure? Are you confused by the overwhelming information on the internet? Wondering what are off road tires, caterpillar tracks, gravel or all-terrain? First, breath and continue to read.
Right now you are going to learn these types of vehicles, starting with one of the most popular today, which is ORV or off road vehicles. So sit back, fasten your seatbelt, and enjoy discovering something new about vehicles.
What is an off-road vehicle?
Though some ordinary cars can drive on the rocky roads, not all of them are ideal or capable for off-roads. ORV or off road vehicles are trucks, cars and jeeps that are made for off paved trails or gravel surface.
Usually, these vehicles do not travel the public streets or highways because they are commonly used in much greater works such as in infrastructure or sports. The best examples are the tractors, forklifts, cranes, backhoes, bulldozers, motorsports and golf carts.
Brief history of off-road vehicles
From 1906-1916, Adolphe Kégresse, who worked for Czar Nicholas II of Russia, designed the original modified off-road vehicle named Kégresse track. The first conversion system of Adolphe used an unusual caterpillar track with a flexible belt rather than interlocking metal segments for rough or soft ground.
In 1921, the system was used on Citroën cars for off-road and military vehicles. Years after, many companies started to create off-road vehicles designed for overland expeditions to different parts of North Africa, Central Asia and Antarctica.
After the WWII, the world witnessed the evolution of off-road vehicles, seeing a huge surplus of the jeep and heavier lorries available in the market. People started becoming interested in the jeep and 4-wheel vehicles, using them as utility vehicles and for sports.
Companies such as Toyota, Nissan, Suzuki, and Mitsubishi continue to develop innovative features and made small, compact, and four-wheel-drive vehicles. During the 1990s, the off-road vehicles evolved and became more luxurious.
However, some models compromised the off-road capability. Now, people can travel with their SUV while enjoying better on-road handling and luxury.
Where do people use off-road vehicles?
Off-road vehicles are versatile and are used for many reasons and occasions – one of which is racing competitions. There are several types of 4-wheel vehicles that are made for desert racing and rock crawling competitions happening around the globe.
The most popular all-terrain tournaments that are largely participated by professional racers are Motocross, Enduro, and Dakar Rallye and Baja. Meanwhile, there are dirt bikes that are designed for off-road events, too.
Compared to an ordinary motorcycle you see on the road, these bikes are simpler and lighter, have high ground clearance, and little bodywork with no fairings for less damage in spills.
Aside from these, off-road vehicles are also ideal for sightseeing and touring the mountains or areas far from the pavements. Since some desert, forests, and trails are harder to travel, the higher clearance and higher traction of the vehicles made them possible to access these roads.
What are off road tires for ORV?
You are probably wondering what are off road tires for your ORV in case you need to replace them in the future. The kind of tires needed for these would be large with deep, open treads, a flexible suspension, and sometimes caterpillar tracks.
To give you an extreme and exhilarating ride, you need to match your tires with your adventures. You need to make sure that the tires you buy can conquer different conditions in the backwood, the muddy and rocky roads, as well as any kinds of terrains.
What are the characteristics of off road vehicles?
Driving off the pavement is not easy as the roads are rough, steep and unpredictable. Therefore, your off-road vehicles should have a low ground pressure to avoid sinking into the soft ground.
Aside from this, it also needs ground clearance so that you will not get hung up on obstacles. Off-road vehicles’ wheels or tracks should also be kept on the ground to maintain traction.
To accomplish this, wheeled vehicles should combine large tires with tall and flexible suspension. Meanwhile, tracked vehicles should combine wide tracks and a flexible suspension on the road wheels.
Furthermore, off-road vehicles should also be fitted with low gearing to utilize the engine’s power while moving slowly through a challenging terrain.