A Beginner’s Guide to Off-Road Tires
What are off-road tires? These are tires that have deep tread, which are the grooves that are seen on the surface of a tire. All vehicle tires have tread, but those of off-road tires are deeper, more complicated, and are designed for the main purpose of increasing a vehicle’s ability to run through mud, rocks, sand, and snow.
Off-road tires are also built to resist impact, sharp objects, and elements on rough roads. The tires are thick ply, which are found in the tires’ interior body which ensure durability and strength.
The tread of off-road tires is what makes it last longer. Off-road tires that have better construction will make the tire last longer and have a firmer grip on the road. Off-road tires can also be used by vehicles which run on smooth surfaces.
The type of tread will depend on the type of vehicle on which it is going to be used. An all-terrain vehicle (ATV) will require tires with deeper tread because the vehicle will be used to drive on rough and loose surfaces.
The tread should be able to bite into mud so the vehicle will not slip, and will not get stuck. On sand, ATV’s tires should be able to hold the loose grains to make the vehicle move. More traction is needed in surfaces like these.
There are vehicle owners who need tires with a more aggressive tread because they regularly drive on farms or mountain roads to collect produce, carry livestock, or get wood from the forest. Because farmers frequently drive on mud and rocky roads, they need tires that can grip the road and will not get them stuck.
Some truck owners who live in areas with heavy snow, also need tires with deep treads because they use their trucks to plow through thick snow and drive in icy conditions.
What types of vehicles use off road tires?
As mentioned earlier, off road tires are used by all-terrain vehicles, tractors, trucks and utility task vehicles. These vehicles are usually driven on rough roads and difficult terrain to accommodate heavy loads and driving long distances. These vehicles can also be used on streets and smooth pavements.
The air pressure of the tires will depend on what the vehicles can tolerate. The vehicle usually has a user’s manual to specify the appropriate psi that the tires can handle; the tire label will also come with markings on the proper amount of pressure that should be put in the tire.
A common problem for most tires is blowouts caused by too much air in the tire. Flat tires usually happen when the tread of the tire is too thin and worn out. As a result, the tire is not protected against sharp objects that pierce through the rubber and cause it to deflate.
How are off road tires maintained?
To maintain the tires’ good performance, users should know that if there is too much pressure in or on the tire, the tire becomes hard and will be more sensitive to impact. Too much pressure also makes the rubber stretch out and makes the rubber too thin.
Also, it is important to know the load capacity of the tires. Manufacturers indicate the maximum amount of load that a vehicle can take. If the vehicle owner overloads, the tread will suffer fatigue and the ply of the tire will separate; the sidewalls will crack and eventually destroy the tire.
To keep the wheels in good shape, users should always load within the limits specified by the tire manufacturer.
Off-road tires are strong and can resist sharp objects but drivers should not abuse this feature. Tires should not be put under unnecessary stress and drivers should not drive over sharp objects whenever possible.